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Terms of Reference (TOR)

Mid-Term Evaluation: Building Drought Resilience in Isiolo County through sustainable Livelihoods (DRIC) Contract No. FED/2019/409-181


1.0 Background Information

Pastoralists and agro-pastoralists form the majority of Isiolo County inhabitants and their livelihoods are impacted by drought and unpredictable rainfall, leading to reduced crop yields, low livestock productivity, high livestock mortality, low income, food and nutrition insecurity. Building Drought Resilience in Isiolo County through sustainable Livelihoods (DRIC) is an EU funded action addressing vulnerability through a multi-sector One Health approach which encompasses human health, animal health and environmental interventions, together with the creation/facilitation of a common platform for coordinating at institutional level and sharing good practice. The project aims at enhancing drought resilient and nutrition sensitive agriculture/livestock production, while incorporating conflict resolution and peace building strategies, alleviating the effects of recurrent drought through strengthening and recovery of sustainable capacities with a particular focus on Women’s Economic Empowerment as well as empowering Isiolo County in addressing food security and nutrition (FNS) issues, improved data collection system and cross-sectoral collaboration to facilitate local political commitment and awareness raising. The project is aligned with the National Drought  Management  Authority  (NDMA)  Common  Programme  Framework  (CPF)  that  operationalizes  Kenya’s ”Ending Drought Emergencies” (EDE) strategy that focuses on the most drought prone counties in Kenya, including Isiolo.

1.1. Project Summary:

  • Project Duration:  28/12/2019 to 27/12/2023 (48 Months); Operational for the last 27 months
  • Donor: European Union
  • Lead Partner: Vétérinaires Sans Frontières -Suisse/Kenya (VSF-S/K).
  • Other Consortium partners: AMREF; WeWorld -GVC Onlus (WW); E4IMPACT Foundation (E4I) and Social Ministry Research Network Centre (SOMIRENEC)
  • Target groups: Direct Beneficiaries:  5,218 pastoral/agro-pastoral households (30,000 people)
  • Project location: Isiolo Central Sub-County (Oldonyiro, Burat, Wabera, Bulla Pesa, Ngaremara wards); Merti-Sub-County (Chari and Cherab wards) and Garbatulla Sub-County (Kinna, Garbatulla and Sericho wards).
  • Government Ministries/Departments collaborating with DRIC: National Government, NDMA and County Government.


  1. a) Objectives of the Action

The Overall Objective of the action is: to contribute towards increased resilience to droughts and other negative impact of climate change for vulnerable groups and to improve the nutrition status of children under 5 years of age in Isiolo County.

The Specific Objective of the action is: to enhance Food and Nutrition Security (FNS) for vulnerable Pastoralist and Agro-pastoralist Communities in Isiolo County, generating Sustainable livelihoods, protecting productive assets and improving climate smart County service delivery.

Below, is a summary of the Project Indicators at the Objective level as per the Consolidated Logical Framework (which will be provided to the successful consultant(s)/Firm).

Objective Indicators
Overall Objective (Impact level) •   Reduction of Isiolo County food poverty rate

•   Number of children under 5 years who are stunted in Isiolo County

•   Incidence of Household vulnerability and Food and Nutritional Security

Specific Objective (Outcome level) •   Change in Women dietary Diversity Index

•   Citizens Drought Coping Strategy Index (CSI)

•   Women Empowerment in Agriculture Index


  1. b) Key Components of the Action

Output  1:    Improved  drought  resilient  and  nutrition  sensitive  agriculture/livestock  production,  integrated  with conflict resolution and peace building strategies

The main activities under Output 1 are:

  • Promotion of pasture/rangeland management and commercial fodder production through controlled grazing; pasture, fodder and crop residues conservation; reseeding and introduction of drought tolerant fodder trees, shrubs and grasses
  • Peace building initiatives to facilitate peace and reconciliation for sustainable livelihoods
  • Improved livestock  production  (through  better  herd  management-controlled  herd  size,  strategic  market offtake, breeding management and livestock insurance).
  • Hygienic camel milk production, value addition and marketing
  • Restocking with camels and goats as well as improved poultry production.
  • Improvement of  animal  health  measures,  One  Health  promotion,  disease  recognition  and  reporting, zoonoses management and prevention.
  • Promoting use of climate services, integrating scientific evidence and indigenous knowledge, for climate- resilient decision making
  • Improved nutrition, food security, food production, food diversification and gender mainstreaming through dissemination of a nutrition-sensitive toolkit
  • Enhancing food crop production (promotion of good agricultural practices, soil conservation, agro-forestry), market access to vegetables and fruit production for small scale farmers.


Output 2:  Key productive household assets and community investments are sustainably built and recovery capacities against recurrent droughts strengthened, with a particular focus on Women’s Economic Empowerment:

The main activities under Output 2 are:

  • Delivery of entrepreneurship, business training and support to crop/livestock value chains
  • Promotion of alternative income generating activities, especially for women
  • Mainstreaming peace building skills in entrepreneurship through cooperatives
  • Promoting sustainable water supply (for crop production, animal and human consumption) and improved sanitation in schools and communities.
  • Elimination of defecation in the open in 11 villages through the application of the ‘Community-Led Total Sanitation’ methodology


Output  3:  Isiolo  County  is  empowered  in  addressing  food  security  and  nutrition  (FNS)  issues,  improved  data collection system and cross-sectoral collaboration to facilitate local political commitment and awareness raising.

The main activities under Output 3 are:

  • Support to coordination for policy making
  • Capacity building of County authorities and Non-State Actors on peace building and conflict management
  • Support to grassroots and community-based networks working on resilience building, food and nutrition- sensitive approaches and formation of a county chapter of SUN CSA in Isiolo.
  • Improving coordination for policy decision-making and implementation at County level on food and nutrition through multi-stakeholder platform
  • Strengthening the Nutrition Information Management System
  • Establishment of a Zoonotic Disease Unit in Isiolo.
  • Organization of learning and sharing forums
  • Training of traditional/religious leaders and their involvement in training activities during community aggregation events.

VSF Suisse/Kenya is seeking to engage reputable organization or consultant (s) to conduct a mid-term evaluation of the DRIC project. The mid-term evaluation purpose and objectives, scope of work, proposed methodology and duration, deliverables, requirements and experience of the consultant and the application process, are highlighted below.


2.0 Objective of the DRIC Mid-Term Evaluation

The objectives of the DRIC Mid-term evaluation are:

  • To assess the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness and impact of the DRIC project on the targeted beneficiaries.
  • To assess the extent to which the DRIC project objectives and key activities (food and nutrition security, resilience, crops/ livestock-based livelihoods and value chains, peace building initiatives, One Health, WASH, climate smart technologies, entrepreneurship skills and marketing) are being achieved and determine how they are contributing to the realization of the overall objective.
  • To assess the appropriateness of the different approaches and methodologies used in the implementation of the DRIC project to target different groups of beneficiaries.
  • To measure the DRIC project outcome Indicators (Change in Women Dietary Diversity Index; Citizens Drought Coping Strategy Index (CSI) and Women Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) and update the entire DRIC logframe with achievements/progress tracked against indicators and targets.
  • Document key successes (including success stories & beneficiaries views on the benefits/impact), best practices, sustainability, lessons learnt, challenges and make recommendations for the remaining project phase/future.

Target  Audiences: The  mid-term evaluation is  intended  for  the DRIC project  team,  beneficiaries, local  communities  in Isiolo  county  and stakeholders (e.g the County Government of Isiolo, Government line ministries, NDMA) and the donor among others.


3.0  Methodology and Duration of the Assignment

The Consortium proposes that the Consultant(s) apply a number of methodologies in data Collection. The methods of data collection that will be used in combination- include qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods.

  1. Desk/literature review of relevant project documents e.g. the DRIC project proposal, Consolidated Logical Framework, DRIC survey reports, activity reports and other relevant documents.
  2. Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) with relevant experts in targeted development interventions; County Government authorities and heads of departments from line Government Ministries (County Assembly, CECs and COs), local administration (Assistant County Commissioners, chiefs and ward administrators), CHVs, CDRs, Peace and grazing committee, Water management committees, Schools’ Board of Management.
  3. Focus group discussions (FGDs) with pastoralists, agro-pastoralists and other key stakeholders- CHVs, CDRs, grazing committees, peace committees, Mother-to-Mother Support Groups,  Drip irrigation groups, Cooperatives, Youth and Women groups.
  4. Individual household interviews with direct DRIC project beneficiaries.

The consultant will ensure that the rights of participants are protected in line with safeguarding policies. The Consortium members will work closely with the consultant(s) and the consultant(s) shall provide regular feedback to the Consortium Manager in order to guarantee quality and adhere to the TOR. The consultant(s) shall have thirty-five days from the date of engagement to deliver on, complete the entire task and submit the final mid-term evaluation report. The  consultant  will  undertake  the  assignment  while  respecting  the  current government  directives  and  guidelines  on preventive measures against the COVID-19 pandemic. The consultant shall observe ground security standard operation procedures in all DRIC targeted sites.

Location and the proposed duration of conducting DRIC mid-term evaluation: The assignment will be in the DRIC project areas in Isiolo County. However, the consultant(s) will also meet some of the key stakeholders of the action in Nairobi.

Proposed activity
Result Days


Review of the relevant literature, development of the methodology, data collection instruments, production of an inception report.  





Field work -Key Informant Interviews (KIIs),  Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), Enumerators training and Household data collection; Debriefing  


    1.3 Reporting, submission and validation meetings. 9



  1. The consultant (s) will provide a detailed work plan and budget of the assignment.
  2. The consultancy fieldwork is expected to be conducted in May 2022. The assignment is supposed to be completed within a period of 35 days, once the contract is signed between the consultant and the DRIC project.


4.0 Deliverables

The consultant will deliver to DRIC the following:

  1. Data collection instrument
  2. Afield manual for training of enumerators, supervisors and data entry s
  3. Inception report outlining approaches and methodologies, sampling/sampling strategy, data collection tools/questionnaires, training of enumerators, data collection, data entry, data analysis and reporting; workplan and budget details.
  4. Updated DRIC Consolidated Logical Framework
  5. Two printed and electronic copies of the Final Mid-term evaluation report comprising of:
  • Executive summary
  • Background
  • Description of the objectives of the Mid-term evaluation and the execution methodology
  • Results presented in narrative and tables (using descriptive and statistics).
  • Discussions
  • Conclusion and Recommendations including specification of indicators (as per the logframe)


  • Terms of Reference (TOR)
  • Data collection instruments
  • Field locations/sites visited.
  • References/ lists of documents consulted.
  • Power point presentation of the Mid-term evaluation main findings and recommendations
  • Photo Gallery
  • A map with coordinates


5.0 Requirements and Experience of the Consultant(s)

The Consultants(s)/consultancy firm must demonstrate the following.

  • Demonstrated solid background and experience in conducting livelihoods and environmental conservation programming, assessments and evaluation work, relevant experience (including food and nutrition security, resilience, crops/ livestock-based livelihoods and value chains, peace building initiatives, One Health, WASH, climate smart technologies, Entrepreneurship skills and marketing).
  • Experience in carrying out similar assignments and a proven track record of delivering excellent results
  • Experience in use of participatory skills and approaches among the pastoralists and agro-pastoralists communities
  • Excellent communication skills in both written and oral demonstrated in their ability to write comprehensive reports with in-depth analysis.
  • Ability to work in multicultural, multi-religious and rural communities especially in Isiolo County
  • Experience of having conducted a similar job to the expectation of the European Union is an added advantage.
  • Working experience in Isiolo County and other Arid and Semi-Arid Lands of Kenya is desirable.
  • Ability to endure harsh climatic environment with cases of insecurity, poor terrain, limited communication network coverage and long distance travel.


6.0 Management of the Mid-term evaluation Assignment

  • The Consultant (s) shall report to the DRIC Consortium Manager during the mid-term evaluation assignment in liaison with the consortium partners.
  • The Consultant(s) shall be responsible for their own medical insurance cover and any essential medications while on this mission.
  • The consultant(s) shall strictly adhere to the current government’s rules and guidelines on precautionary measures against COVID-19.
  • The consultant shall observe ground security standard operation procedures in all DRIC targeted sites.
  • DRIC project proposal, Consolidated Logical Framework, DRIC survey reports, activity reports and other relevant documents will be provided to the identified consultant/firm on engagement.


7.0 Application Process

Interested consultants/expert(s) should prepare and submit to VSF Suisse/Kenya a technical and financial proposal for the Mid-term evaluation assignment. The proposal should indicate qualifications and experience with a detailed Mid-term evaluation execution plan and budget (in EURO). The proposals, CVs, a sample of one (1) relevant mid-term or final evaluation work conducted by the consultant/firm and a letter of motivation as well as three (3) referees should be sent electronically to  Office.Nairobi@vsf-suisse.org by 31 May 2022; 5:00 PM EAT.