Dissemination of technologies for the sustainable management of rangelands and small ruminants (PET IFAD)
Duration of the project
Somaliland and Djibouti, both semi-arid and arid areas, are severely affected by climate change. The region suffers from water shortages due to irregular rainfall, which has serious consequences for pastoralists and agro-pastoralists. Their agricultural practices aren’t adapted to such weather conditions, their harvest decreases, and their goats and sheep have less and less food In addition to a low income, this situation may lead to food insecurity in the region.
The aim of our project is to improve the livelihoods of pastoralists and agro-pastoralists in Somaliland and Djibouti. In order to achieve this goal, we familiarize them with agricultural techniques that are more suitable for the new climate conditions.
For example, we show small farmers how they can increase their grain, fruit and vegetable production through community seed banks and a rainwater irrigation system despite scarce water resources, or how breeders can produce, conserve and use their own forage.
We introduce pastoralist communities into sustainable grazing managementsystems so that the rangelands can recover and serve as a source of food for their goats and sheep. As part of the project, we also organize workshops to improve cooperation between pastoralists and the national agricultural research institutes. Thus, through a combination of traditional knowledge and new agricultural technologies, more food can be produced for the animals and their owners.