With a population of 15 million and a gross domestic product per capita of $127, Somalia is one of the poorest countries in Africa. For more than twenty years, civil war raged in Somalia, followed by tribal feuds, resulting in a lack of most basic services today. The country has also been struggling with recurrent climatic shocks such as droughts and floods with increasing frequency. One consequence is that a large part of the population is affected by food crises. According to the FAO, 860,000 people suffer from food shortages.
Since the collapse of the central government in 1991, provision of higher education has been nearly nonexistent especially in veterinary medicine. Most of the senior veterinarians left the country to seek asylum abroad. Clan conflicts and harsh conditions in pastoral areas have forced those who remained in the country to move to urban centers.
On the ground since: 2000
Activities in: Gedo-Region and Somaliland
Number of projects: 4
Key partners: SDC, Emergency Pastoralist Assistance Group-Kenya (EPAG-K), South West Livestock Professionals Association (SOWELPA), FAO, USAID-OFDA
The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation SDC, Federal Department of Foreign Affairs FDFA, supports programmes in this country.
- Food security and
- One Health
- livestock production
Active projects Somalia
Reference projects Somalia
Rainfall in parts of the Horn of Africa. © WFP After dry and hot weather conditions in January and February and a corresponding prolongation of the drought in the Horn of Africa, seasonal rains from March to May started on time in equatorial areas of the region and...
Picture: Somali region, Ethiopia © FAO/Michael Tewelde The food crisis in the Horn of Africa has been worsening despite major humanitarian efforts and the latest forecasts for the coming months are worrying. The ongoing drought, rising food prices, lack of...
Following drought disasters in 2011 and 2016-2019, the countries of Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia in the Horn of Africa are once again in a precarious situation. The dire effects of the current drought on the region's people and animals are compounded by additional...